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From the Wikipedia page [1]

Grade terminologyEdit

  • Choppy contains many leaves of various sizes.
  • Fannings: are small particles of tea leaves used almost exclusively in tea bags.
  • Flowery: consists of large leaves, typically plucked in the second or third flush with an abundance of tips.
  • Golden Flowery: includes very young tips or buds (usually golden in colour) that were picked early in the season.
  • Tippy: includes an abundance of tips.

Whole leaf gradesEdit

The grades for whole leaf orthodox black tea are: Ceylon orange pekoe (OP) grades'

  • OP1—slightly delicate, long, wiry leaf with the light liquor
  • OPA—bold, long leaf tea which ranges from tightly wound to almost open
  • OP—main grade, in the middle between OP1 and OPA, can consist of long wiry leaf without tips
  • OP Superior—primarily from Indonesia, similar to OP
  • Flowery OP—high-quality tea with a long leaf and few tips, considered the second grade in Assam, Dooars, and Bangladesh teas, but the first grade in China
  • F OP1—as above, but with only the highest quality leaves in the FOP classification
  • Golden Flowery OP1—higher proportion of tip than FOP top grade in Milima and Marinyn regions, uncommon in Assam and Darjeeling
  • Tippy Golden F OP—the highest proportion of tip, main grade in Darjeeling and Assam
  • TGF OP1—as above, but with only the highest quality leaves in the TGFOP classification
  • Finest TGF OP—highest quality grade (Note: "Special" is occasionally substituted for "Finest", with a number 1 at the end to indicate the very finest), often hand processed and produced at only the best plantations, roughly one quarter tips
  • SFTGFOP—sometimes used to indicate the very finest

Broken leaf gradesEdit

  • BT—Broken Tea: Usually a black, open, fleshy leaf that is very bulky. Classification used in Sumatra, Ceylon(Sri Lanka), and some parts of Southern India.
  • BP—Broken Pekoe: Most common broken pekoe grade. From Indonesia, Ceylon(Sri Lanka), Assam and Southern India.
  • BPS—Broken Pekoe Souchong: Term for broken pekoe in Assam and Darjeeling.
  • FP—Flowery Pekoe: High-quality pekoe. Usually coarser with a fleshier, broken leaf. Produced in Ceylon(Sri Lanka) and Southern India, as well as in some parts of Kenya.
  • BOP—Broken Orange Pekoe: Main broken grade. Prevalent in Assam, Ceylon(Sri Lanka), Southern India, Java, and China.
  • F BOP—Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe: Coarser and broken with some tips. From Assam, Ceylon(Sri Lanka), Indonesia, China, and Bangladesh. In South America coarser, black broken.
  • F BOP F—Finest Broken Orange Pekoe Flowery: The finest broken orange pekoe. Higher proportion of tips. Mainly from Ceylon's "low districts".
  • G BOP—Golden Broken Orange Pekoe: Second grade tea with uneven leaves and few tips.
  • GF BOP1—Golden Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe 1: As above, but with only the highest quality leaves in the GFBOP classification.
  • TGF BOP1—Tippy Golden Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe 1: High-quality leaves with a high proportion of tips. Finest broken First Grade Leaves in Darjeeling and some parts of Assam.

Fannings gradesEdit

  • PF—Pekoe Fannings
  • OF—Orange Fannings: From Northern India and some parts of Africa and South America.
  • FOF—Flowery Orange Fannings: Common in Assam, Dooars, and Bangladesh. Some leaf sizes come close to the smaller broken grades.
  • GFOF—Golden Flowery Orange Fannings: Finest grade in Darjeeling for tea bag production.
  • TGFOF—Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Fannings.
  • BOPF—Broken Orange Pekoe Fannings: Main grade in Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Southern India, Kenya, Mozambique, Bangladesh, and China. Black-leaf tea with few added ingredients, uniform particle size, and no tips.

Dust gradesEdit

  • D1—Dust 1: From Sri Lanka, Indonesia, China, Africa, South America, and Southern India.
  • PD—Pekoe Dust
  • PD1—Pekoe Dust 1: Mainly produced in India.

Other termsEdit

  • Musc.—Muscatel
  • Cl.—Clonal
  • Ch.—China varietal
  • Qu.—Queen jat
  • FBOPF Ex. Spl.—Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe Fannings (Extra Special)
  • FP—(Flowery Pekoe)
  • PS—Pekoe Souchong
  • S—Souchong
  • BOF—Broken Orange Fannings
  • BPF—Broken Pekoe Fannings
  • RD—Pekoe Dust/Red Dust
  • FD—Fine Dust
  • GD—Golden Dust
  • SRD—Super Red Dust
  • SFD—Super Fine Dust
  • BMF—Broken Mixed Fannings

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